Frontend Workflow Toolbox Summary

2016-09-18 by terryoy, in guides

I'm working my job as a frontend developer currently. So I will do some research and write about the tools I've been using to develop Javasript frontend projects.

1. CSS

2. Javascript

2.1 Browserify

Uses the same module system as nodejs that can compile, build, and pack javascript modules in node-flavoured CommonJS way for browser. You can manage front-end dependencies with npm, using require() method to import, and “module.exports” to export, just like the way nodejs does.

When compiling, browserify will start with an entry file(e.g. './app.js'), then find the whole abstract syntax tree of the file by static analysis, and pack all the related content into one files.

In order to make node modules more compatible with browser side, browserify also provides many builtins modules such as events, os, querystring, etc.

The best part of browserify is that providing the static analysis and compiling platform, you can also have customized transformers for files other than the standard JS. This enables compiling coffee script or other favors, and also other plugins such as code coverage, in a pipe streaming way.

In bundling, browserify has two functions:

  1. ignore, making a stub definition for some methods only available for node-specific modules
  2. exclude, to separate files in different bundle, so don't pack the specific files

Reference: github.com/substack/browserify-handbook#introduction

2.2 Gulp

If you want to do something quick and dirty, just checkout the Gulp Recipes and copy the the code you want. The Recipes have prepare many examples of small tasks for you to reference.

References:

2.3 Babel

The language transfrm platform and the cutting edge of ES(ECMAScript/Javascript) standard. It can transform ES6(ES2015), ES7(ES2016) scripts to compatible ES5. So you can use it as a transformer in browserify and compile the files you have written in ES6, etc. The official web site says the main features about it:

  • Babel Presets,
  • Babel Polyfill, new globals such as Promise or new native methods.
  • JSX and Flow support

References:

2.4 Webpack

3. Others

3.1 Coffee Script

3,2 Type Script

4. Vocabulary

There are some terms in web front-end development that is not meaning obviously, so I collect some of them here.

  • Polyfill - a polyfill is cod e that implements a feature on web browsers that do not support it. It is a shim for a browser API.

  • Shim - A small library that transparently intercepts API calls. This term can be commonly used to support an old API in a newer environment, or a new API in an older environment, or running programs on a different platform than they were developed for.

  • glob) - A pattern that specifies a set of files with wildcard characters. It is originally a program /etc/glob that look for files by patterns, then it is used in a lof of libraries in many language. The original word is short for 'global command'.


Tags: frontendstudy